RecipesSeafood14 Different Types of Salmon and Their Nutritional Benefits

14 Different Types of Salmon and Their Nutritional Benefits

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David Larsen
I’m a husband, dad, food blogger, photographer, writer, social media boss, entrepreneur.

There are many different types of salmon, and each one has its own unique set of nutritional benefits. In this blog post, we will discuss the nutritional value of three common types of salmon: pink, sockeye, and king. We will also talk about how to cook salmon so that you can enjoy its delicious flavor and health benefits!

types of salmon

Different Types of Salmon

1. Adriatic salmon (Salmo Obtusirostris).

salmo obtusirostris

This species originates from the Adriatic Sea and is endemic to it. It has an olive green body coloration with a silver-gray head and back, and its fins are blackish or steel blue in color. The average size of an adult Adriatic salmon can reach up to 60 cm (2 feet).

Adriatic salmon is a valuable species due to its abundance in the Adriatic Sea. Its flesh is highly appreciated for its flavor and nutritional properties, as it contains high levels of omega-3 fatty acids. It also has a good content of magnesium, iron and zinc, which makes it very beneficial for human health.

The distribution of Adriatic salmon is mainly concentrated in the coastal waters of Croatia, Montenegro and Italy. It can also be found in some of the rivers that flow into the Adriatic Sea.

Adriatic salmon is a highly sought-after species by recreational fisheries, as it fights well when hooked and provides an exciting experience for anglers. Recreational fishing for Adriatic salmon is usually done with fly-fishing and trolling methods. Commercial fishing of the species has been regulated, as it needs to be managed in order to maintain its population numbers.

2. Atlantic Salmon (Salmo Salar).

atlantic salmon

Atlantic Salmon is a species of fish that mainly inhabits the North Atlantic ocean and rivers which flow into it. It can grow up to almost 1 m in length and weigh up to 20 kg. Its back is bluish-green while its sides are silver, with some black spots along its sides. The belly is white or silver.

Atlantic Salmon is highly valued for its nutritional benefits. It is an excellent source of protein and omega-3 fatty acids, which are important for a healthy lifestyle. Atlantic Salmon also provides other essential nutrients like vitamins B6, B12, D and E as well as minerals such as phosphorus, magnesium and calcium.

This species is widely distributed across the North Atlantic coasts and rivers of Europe, North America, Greenland and Iceland. It is also found in some parts of Russia. In recent years, Atlantic Salmon has become a popular choice for aquaculture due to its economic value and high demand.

3. Australian Salmon (Arripis trutta).

Arripis trutta

This species is native to south-eastern Australia, primarily in the temperate waters of Tasmania and Victoria. They are an olive-brown color with a scattering of pale yellow spots on their sides and back, and have distinctive black spots above their lateral line and near their tail fin.

Australian Salmon are rich in essential fatty acids, including Omega-3, and are an excellent source of protein. They have a firm flesh that is suitable for grilling, roasting or pan-frying and can be served whole or filleted.

Australian Salmon are also highly sought after by recreational anglers in Tasmania, Victoria and South Australia thanks to their fighting qualities when hooked. It is estimated that over 10,000 tonnes are taken from the wild each year for recreational fishing.

4. Black Sea salmon (Salmo labrax).

Salmo labrax

This species of salmon is found in the Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea, as well as other parts of Europe. It is sometimes referred to as “European sea bass” or just “sea bass”.

Black Sea Salmon are typically longer than other varieties, with an average length of 50 cm (19.6 in). They range in color from silvery-black to light greenish-brown, and they have a white underside.

Nutritionally, Black Sea Salmon are an excellent source of protein, low in saturated fat, and rich in omega-3 fatty acids. They contain high levels of phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, and vitamin B6. A four ounce serving provides approximately 25 grams of protein and 187 calories.

Black Sea Salmon are available year-round, but they are most plentiful during the spawning season in late fall and early winter. They generally inhabit deeper waters than other salmon species, so they require different fishing techniques to catch them. Most Black Sea Salmon is sold fresh or frozen, although some is smoked or canned.

5. Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tschawytscha).

alaska king salmon

Also known as King Salmon, this type of salmon is the largest of all Pacific salmon and is one of the most sought after. It has an orange-red flesh and can range from 15 to 75 pounds.

It is distributed throughout much of Alaska, British Columbia, and California. Chinook salmon are high in omega-3 fatty acids and protein, as well as zinc, iron and vitamin B-12.

6. Chum Salmon (Oncorhynchus keta).

chum salmon

Usually described as the “dog” of all salmon species, Chum Salmon is a hardy fish capable of surviving in very cold temperatures and water. It is found across much of the northern Pacific Rim from the Bering Sea to Japan.

They have a unique appearance: their backs are bluish-green in color with dark spots, while the sides and belly are a silvery color. Chum Salmon can reach up to 35 inches in length and weigh up to 40 pounds.

Nutritionally, they are an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids as well as selenium, vitamin B12, phosphorus, magnesium, and potassium. Chum Salmon also contains high levels of protein and is low in saturated fat. Furthermore, they are a good source of iron, zinc, and vitamin A.

Chum Salmon can be cooked in many different ways: grilled, smoked, or poached. They have a distinct flavor and work well with other ingredients like herbs, spices, vegetables and fruits.

Chum Salmon is an excellent choice for those looking to add some variety to their diet while also reaping the nutritional benefits of eating fish. It can be found in most supermarkets, as well as at fishmongers and specialty stores.

7. Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch).

coho silver salmon

Also known as Silver Salmon, Coho is the second-most popular Pacific salmon. It is a medium-sized fish, generally about 3 to 8 pounds, with silver and black spots along its back and fins.

Its body tends to be slightly more elongated and streamlined than other species of salmon. Coho Salmon are anadromous fish that spend most of their lives in the ocean but return to freshwater streams and rivers to spawn.

Nutritionally speaking, Coho Salmon is a great source of protein, vitamin B12 and omega-3 fatty acids. It has a mild flavor with a slight hint of sweetness and is often served grilled or smoked. Coho Salmon can be found in the Pacific Ocean from California to Alaska, as well as in freshwater streams and rivers throughout those areas. It is also commercially farmed for sale worldwide.

8. Danube Salmon (Hucho hucho).

danube salmon

Danube Salmon is native to the Danube river basin in Central and Eastern Europe. It is a large species of salmon, reaching lengths up to 2 m (6.5 ft) and weights up to 25 kg (55 lbs). Its body has a streamlined shape, with an olive-green color on its back and silver sides.

Danube Salmon has high omega-3 fatty acid content, making it a very nutritious fish. It is also rich in vitamins A and D, as well as minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and selenium. These nutrients provide a range of health benefits, including reducing the risk of heart disease and stroke, boosting immunity and improving eye health.

Danube Salmon is also a popular recreational fish, as it puts up a good fight when caught on rod and line. This species can be found throughout the Danube basin in countries such as Austria, Hungary and Romania. It is also stocked in many freshwater fisheries, making it relatively easy to find for those looking to target this species.

9. Hawaiian Salmon (Elagatis bipinnulata).

Elagatis bipinnulata

Hawaiian Salmon is a species of ray-finned fish in the family Carangidae. It is also known as blue-lined jack, rainbow runner or silver seabream. This fish has an elongated body and grows to a maximum length of around 70 centimetres.

Its body is typically silvery with horizontal blue stripes that become more visible when the fish is agitated. It features two large canine-like teeth just behind its jaw.

Hawaiian Salmon are found in the tropical waters of the Indo-Pacific region, ranging from East Africa to Australia and Hawaii. They prefer shallow waters around coral reefs and rocky substrates. They feed on small invertebrates and are occasionally caught by fishermen.

Nutritionally, Hawaiian Salmon is high in protein and healthy fatty acids like omega-3s. They are also a good source of B vitamins, phosphorus and magnesium.

In Hawaii, Hawaiian Salmon is commonly served grilled or fried alongside vegetables and rice. It is also used as an ingredient in many traditional Hawaiian dishes.

10. Indian Salmon (Eleutheronema tetradactylum).

Eleutheronema tetradactylum

Indian Salmon belongs to the family Clupeidae and is also known as “oil fish”. It is a large, robust fish with a silver-gray body and black spots scattered across its back.

It has four barbels near its mouth that help it locate food. Indian salmon inhabit coastal and estuarine waters of India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan and are mainly found in the waters of the Bay of Bengal.

The Indian Salmon is a good source of protein, vitamins and minerals, as well as omega-3 fatty acids, which help promote heart health. It is also low in fat. The flesh of this fish is white to light pinkish-gray and tender when cooked. It has a mild, slightly sweet flavor and is popular in Indian cuisine.

Indian Salmon can be cooked in a variety of ways and is often served grilled, fried, baked or steamed. Its firm flesh also stands up well to high-heat cooking methods such as stir-frying. To get the most out of its nutritional benefits, avoid overcooking the salmon, as this can destroy some of its beneficial fatty acids.

11. Masu salmon (Oncorhynchus Masou).

masu salmon

This type of salmon is native to Japan and Korea. It has a bright red-orange color and grows between 20-40 inches in length. It is an anadromous species, which means it lives in the sea but moves upstream to spawn. Masu are highly sought after for their sweet flavor and firm texture.

Nutritionally, masu salmon is an excellent source of protein and omega-3 fatty acids, both of which are essential for good health. It also contains a variety of vitamins and minerals, including Vitamin B12 and selenium. Additionally, this type of salmon has a high fat content that helps keep it moist when cooked.

Masu salmon can be found in the coastal waters of Japan, Korea and Russia. It is a slow-growing species and can live up to 10 years in the wild. As such, it is subject to strict fishing regulations, which help protect its population.

In terms of culinary uses, masu salmon is often grilled or steamed with soy sauce. It is also a popular ingredient in sushi and sashimi dishes. It can also be baked, broiled or fried. Regardless of how it is cooked, the sweet taste and firm texture of masu salmon makes it a favorite among seafood lovers.

12. Pink Salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha).

pink slamon

Pink Salmon are a smaller species of salmon that are found primarily in the Pacific Ocean. They can be identified by their pinkish-orange coloration, spotted skin and small size. Pink salmon typically weigh between 3 and 7 pounds and measure around 22 to 28 inches long at maturity.

Nutrition-wise, pink salmon are an excellent source of protein, omega-3 fatty acids and B vitamins.

They are also a good source of potassium, vitamin D and iron. Pink salmon can be eaten cooked or canned as part of a healthy diet.

Pink salmon live in the northern Pacific Ocean along the coastlines of North America and Asia. In particular, they are found throughout the waters of Alaska and Russia. Pink salmon can also be found in some rivers and streams feeding into the ocean, however they tend not to venture far upstream.

Pink salmon spawn in late summer or early fall at temperatures ranging between 6 and 15 degrees Celsius (43-59 degrees Fahrenheit). They have a two-year life span with most individuals living for just one year. They are considered to be an important part of the food chain in their native habitats, as they provide a food source for larger fish and birds.

Pink salmon can be harvested commercially or by recreational fishers in both fresh and saltwater environments. Canned pink salmon is the most popular form of preparation, however it can also be grilled, smoked or baked. Pink salmon is a versatile and nutritious fish that can be enjoyed in many ways.

13. Siberian salmon (Hucho Taimen).

Siberian salmon

Siberian salmon (Hucho Taimen) is a species of fish found in the rivers and tributaries of Siberia. They are one of the largest freshwater fish, growing up to 3 feet long, and weighing an average of 35 pounds.

Siberian salmon have an elongated body with a wide head and small eyes. Their coloring ranges from light gray to dark blue-green, with black speckles on the back and sides.

Siberian salmon are a valuable food source, due to their high fat content and rich flavor. They are a great source of Omega-3 fatty acids as well as other nutrients such as Vitamin D, calcium, and iron. They are also low in calories, making them a popular choice for health-conscious people.

Siberian salmon can be found in the rivers and tributaries of Siberia, as well as parts of China, Mongolia and Japan. These fish prefer cold water, so they’re typically found at depths of 10-50 feet. They spawn in the spring, and their eggs can survive in temperatures of up to 8 degrees Celsius.

14. Sockeye Salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka).

salmon oncorhynchus nerka

Sockeye Salmon, also known as Red Salmon or Blueback Salmon, is a fish native to the northern Pacific Ocean and rivers discharging into it. It has an iconic deep red body with a blue-green head and silver sides.

Its distinctive features also include large black spots scattered over the upper part of its body and a forked tail.

Sockeye Salmon is a rich source of many essential vitamins, minerals and omega-3 fatty acids. It is especially high in protein and low in fat, which makes it an excellent dietary option.

This type of fish also offers significant amounts of Vitamin D, B12, B6, selenium and phosphorus. Furthermore, it is a good source of potassium and magnesium.

Sockeye Salmon can be found in the cold-water tributaries all the way to Alaska’s Bering Sea. It is also present in parts of Russia, Japan and other Pacific Rim countries. Historically, Sockeye Salmon has been an important food source for native people living in the northern parts of the Pacific Ocean.

Sockeye Salmon is a popular choice among health-conscious consumers and sustainable seafood lovers alike. Its unique flavor, high nutritional content and availability make it an attractive option for creating a variety of delicious meals. From oven-baked salmon fillets to smoked Sockeye Salmon dishes, this type of fish can easily become a staple in any balanced diet.

Wild Salmon vs Farmed Salmon.

When it comes to making the healthiest choice when buying salmon, many people are unaware of the differences between wild and farmed salmon. Wild Salmon is caught in its natural habitat, such as oceans or rivers.

It has been found that wild-caught Salmon contains higher levels of healthy omega-3 fatty acids than farmed salmon does because wild salmon are naturally consuming a diet of smaller fish and crustaceans. This diet also contributes to the coloration of wild salmon, which is typically darker than farmed salmon.

When it comes to nutrition, wild-caught Salmon has been found to have more vitamin A and D than farmed Salmon does, as well as having higher levels of protein. Wild Salmon is also a source of potassium, B vitamins, and iron.

Farmed Salmon, on the other hand, are raised in pens or tanks that are usually located near coastal areas. As farmed salmon typically consume an unnatural diet of grains and vegetable proteins, their nutritional value is not as high as wild salmon.

Farmed salmon also contains higher levels of unhealthy fats and toxins, such as PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls), which have been linked to a variety of health problems.

What is the best salmon to eat?

The best salmon to eat is wild-caught Alaskan salmon. This type of salmon is known for its abundant supply of omega 3 fatty acids and its mild flavor. Wild-caught Alaskan salmon is also a great source of protein and it’s lower in sodium than many other types of fish.

It’s also less likely to contain pollutants like mercury, since it is harvested from clean waters. For an extra boost of flavor and nutrition, consider adding a few splashes of fresh lemon juice or olive oil to the cooked salmon before serving.

What are the species of wild salmon?

There are seven species of wild salmon found in North America: Chinook (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), Coho (Oncorhynchus kisutch), Sockeye (Oncorhynchus nerka), Chum (Oncorhynchus keta), Pink (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha), Steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and Atlantic (Salmo salar). Each species of wild salmon has its own unique characteristics, habitats, diets and life cycles. The Chinook is the largest species of Pacific salmon and can reach up to 130 pounds in weight.

What is the biggest salmon species?

The biggest salmon species is the chinook, also known as king salmon. Chinooks can reach up to 1.8 meters in length and weigh up to 36 kilograms. They are found in both the Pacific Ocean and some rivers in North America, and they spawn during the spring and summer months.

Chinooks have a silver-blue body with black spots and a white belly, and they have large, reddish-pink flesh that is highly prized.

They are an important food source for humans, as well as bears, eagles, seals, whales and other wildlife. Chinook populations can be susceptible to overfishing or environmental decline when their habitat is degraded or destroyed.

Can Atlantic Salmon Mate with Pacific Salmon?

The short answer is: no. Atlantic and Pacific salmon are two separate species of fish within the same scientific family, Salmonidae. Although they have some similarities, such as their size and shape, they do not share enough genetic similarity to allow them to successfully reproduce with one another.

Atlantic and Pacific salmon can hybridize in controlled environments, but the offspring usually do not survive to adulthood. Hybridization has been attempted in captivity by scientists as an attempt to breed a fish that is resistant to certain diseases and parasites or with desired traits, such as higher growth rate, but this is still being researched.

In nature, Atlantic salmon may come into contact with Pacific salmon due to migration, but the two species do not typically interbreed. The differences in their physical characteristics, such as spawning time and habitat preferences, have allowed them to co-exist without hybridizing.


Can salmon and trout crossbreed?

Yes, salmon and trout can crossbreed. This type of hybridization occurs naturally in the wild when fish from different species come into contact. Hybridization is also possible through artificial means, such as in hatcheries where fish of different species are intentionally bred together. The resulting offspring of a successful salmon-trout hybridization is called a “travally.” Travallys are different than the parent fish in terms of size, coloration, and behavior. They tend to be intermediate between the two species, with a combination of characteristics from both parents.

Can wild salmon breed with wild salmon?

Yes, wild salmon can breed with other wild salmon. In fact, it is the only way that salmon populations can remain healthy and grow over time. Spawning typically occurs in the late summer or fall when mature adult salmon migrate from the ocean back to their home rivers and streams where they were born. Here, spawning pairs will search for suitable gravel beds where they can lay and fertilize their eggs. After the eggs hatch, the baby salmon will remain in freshwater streams until they are ready to migrate out to sea when they reach adulthood. Wild spawning is essential for the survival of many wild salmon populations, as it ensures that genetic diversity is maintained and new generations of fish can be produced each year.

How many species of salmon are there?

There are seven species of salmon that occur naturally in North America. These include the Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.), Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch), sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka), pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha), and chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta). Across the world, there are other species of salmon found in Alaska, Russia, Japan, and elsewhere.

How do I choose the best salmon?

When selecting salmon, freshness and quality are the top priority. Look for cuts that have a glossy sheen to them, with no signs of bruising or discoloration. The flesh should be firm and spring back when pressed gently with your fingers.

Ask your fishmonger questions about where and how the salmon was raised, as this will tell you a lot about the quality of the fish. Also, make sure to ask when the salmon was caught as freshness is important for optimal flavor.

Finally, check if the salmon is wild or farmed—wild-caught salmon will likely have better flavor and texture, but farmed salmon can be more affordable. Look for sustainable sources of salmon, such as those certified by the Marine Stewardship Council.

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